What is Periodontal Disease?

Periodontal disease, or gum disease, is an infection/inflammation of the gum tissues. It is a persistent bacterial infection around the gums and the bone that supports your teeth.  Periodontal disease begins as a silent disease that often causes no initial pain or uncomfortable symptoms, but instead slowly causes a deterioration of the supporting tissues in the mouth. Bacteria that are not properly removed from the teeth begin to proliferate, turning into a hardened build-up of plaque on the teeth.

Periodontal Scaling & Root Planing

If the irritants (plaque, tartar, debris, etc) are not removed mechanically, the body's immune response will continue to create inflammation trying to remove the irritants.  The initial inflammatory respsonse from the gums is called gingivitis.  However, if the gingivitis is not reversed, untreated gingivitis can worsen, and the gums may even begin to detach from the teeth.  The chronic inflammation of the gums promotes the break down of the jaw bone, and this condition is known as periodontitis.  It can result in a loss of teeth and increased risk of other health complications, such as heart attack or stroke.  It is estimated that about 47.2% of adults in the U.S. suffer from gum disease - according to American Academy of Periodontology.

Daily oral hygienic habits, such as brushing and flossing, are primary factors in determining whether someone is at risk for developing gum disease. Other major factors include nicotine use, uncontrolled diebetes, and the patient's bad occlusion.  Genetics do also play a big role.  Routine dental care – including frequent professional dental cleanings – goes a long way in preventing periodontal disease.

Go back to Patient Education

Make an Appointment Today!

Cosmetic Dentistry | Family and General Dentistry | Dental Cleaning | White Composite Fillings | Teeth Whitening | Sealants | Porcelain Crowns and Bridges | Root Canal Therapy | Dental Implants | Periodontal Therapy | Pediatric Dentistry | New Patient Forms | FAQ | Site Map | Porcelain Veneers | 6 Month Braces | Before and After Gallery | Patient Testimonials | Night Guards

Dr. Nelson Chen DDS, is your friendly and awesome Bellevue Dentist serving Bellevue, Factoria, Redmond, Kirkland, Issaquah, Newcastle.  Dr. Nelson Chen provides dental crowns, dental implants, dental veneers, teeth whitening, porcelain veneers, white fillings, dental extractions, dental bridges, deep cleanings, family dentistry and many more.  Please contact us at 425-451-7388.
                                                                    Copyright 2017 Advanced Dentistry Northwest.  All rights reserved.